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Geoscience Communication An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/gc-2019-22
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gc-2019-22
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: review article 29 Oct 2019

Submitted as: review article | 29 Oct 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Geoscience Communication (GC).

Weather and Climate Science in the Digital Era

Martine G. de Vos1,2, Wilco Hazeleger1,3, Driss Bari4, Jorg Behrens5, Sofiane Bendoukha5, Irene Garcia-Marti6, Ronald van Haren1, Sue Ellen Haupt7, Rolf Hut8, Fredrik Jansson9, Andreas Mueller10, Peter Neilley11, Gijs van den Oord1, Inti Pelupessy1, Paolo Ruti12, Martin G. Schultz13, and Jeremy Walton14 Martine G. de Vos et al.
  • 1Netherlands eScience center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • 2Information and Technology Services, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 3Geosciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 4CNRMSI/SMN, Direction de la Meteorologie Nationale Casablanca, Morocco
  • 5German Climate Computing Centre (DKRZ), Hamburg, Germany
  • 6Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, the Netherlands
  • 7Research Applications Laboratory, National Center for Atmopsheric Research, Boulder, USA
  • 8Water Resources Management, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands
  • 9Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • 10Numerical methods, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, UK
  • 11The Weather Company/IBM, Boston MA, USA
  • 12World Weather Research Division, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 13Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • 14Hadley Centre for Climate Science, Met Office, Exeter, UK

Abstract. The need for open science has been recognized by the communities of meteorology and climate science. However, while these domains are mature in terms of applying digital technologies, these are lagging behind where the implementation of open science methodologies is concerned. In a session on Weather and Climate Science in the Digital Era at the 14th IEEE International eScience conference domain specialists and data and computer scientists discussed the road towards open weather and climate science.

The studies presented in the conference session showed the added value of shared data, software and platforms through, for instance, combining data sets from disparate sources, increased accuracy and skill of simulations and forecasts at local scales, and improved consistency of data products. We observed that sharing data and code is important, but not sufficient to achieve open weather and climate science and that here are important issues to address.

At the level of technology, the implementation of the FAIR principles to many datasets used in weather and climate science remains a challenge due to their origin, scalability, or legal barriers. Furthermore, the complexity of current software platforms limits collaboration between researchers and optimal use of open science tools and methods.

The main challenges we observed, however, were non-technical and impact the system of science as a whole. There is a need for new roles and responsibilities at the interface of science and digital technology, e.g., data stewards and research software engineers. This requires the personnel portfolio of academic institutions to be more diverse, and in addition, a broader consideration of the impact of academic work, beyond publishing and teaching. Besides, new policies regarding open weather and climate science should be developed in an inclusive way to engage all stakeholders, including non-academic parties such as meteorological institutions.

We acknowledge that open weather and climate science requires effort to change, but the benefits are large. As can already be observed from the studies presented in the conference it leads to much faster progress in understanding the world.

Martine G. de Vos et al.
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Status: open (until 24 Dec 2019)
Status: open (until 24 Dec 2019)
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Martine G. de Vos et al.
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Short summary
At the 14th IEEE International eScience conference domain specialists and data and computer scientists discussed the road towards open weather and climate science. Open science offers a manifold of opportunities, but goes beyond sharing code and data. Besides domain specific technical challenges, we observed that the main challenges are non-technical and impact the system of science as a whole.
At the 14th IEEE International eScience conference domain specialists and data and computer...
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