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Geoscience Communication An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/gc-2019-20
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gc-2019-20
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 10 Oct 2019

Submitted as: research article | 10 Oct 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Geoscience Communication (GC).

The benefits to climate science of including Early Career Scientists as reviewers

Mathieu Casado1,2, Gwenaëlle Gremion2,3, Paul Rosenbaum2,4, Jilda Alicia Caccavo2,5, Kelsey Aho2,6, Nicolas Champollion2,7, Sarah L. Connors8, Adrian Dahood2,9,10,†, Alfonso Fernandez2,11, Martine Lizotte2,12, Katja Mintenbeck13, Elvira Poloczanska13, and Gerlis Fugmann1,2 Mathieu Casado et al.
  • 1Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Telegrafenberg A45-2N, Potsdam, D-14473, Germany
  • 2Association of Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS), D-14473, Germany
  • 3Institut des Sciences de la Mer – Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, G5L3A1, Canada
  • 4Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 75313, Sweden
  • 5Department of Biology, University of Padua, Via G. Colombo 3, Padua 35121, Italy
  • 6Center for Arctic Policy Studies, University of Alaska Fairbanks, P.O. Box 757340 Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
  • 7Climate Lab, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
  • 8Université Paris-Saclay, 91190 Saint Aubin, France
  • 9University of California Santa Cruz, Institute of Marine Sciences, Santa Cruz CA 95064, USA
  • 10Antarctic Ecosystem Research Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 8901 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla, California 92037-1023, USA
  • 11Department of Geography, Universidad de Concepción, Chile
  • 12Department of Biology, Université Laval, Quebec City,Quebec, G1V0A6, Canada
  • 13Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Am Alten Hafen 26, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany
  • deceased

Abstract. Early Career Scientists (ECS) are a large part of the work force in science. While they produce new scientific knowledge that they share in publications, they are rarely invited to participate in the peer-review process. Barriers to the participation of ECS as peer-reviewers include, among others, their lack of visibility to editors, inexperience in the review process and lack of confidence in their scientific knowledge. Participation of ECS in group reviews, e.g. for assessment reports, provides an opportunity for ECS to advance their skill set and to contribute to policy relevant products. Here, we present the outcomes of a group peer-review of the first order draft of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (IPCC SROCC). Overall, PhD students spent more time on the review than those further advanced in their careers, and provided a similar proportion of substantive comments. After the review, participants reported feeling more confident about their skills, and 86 % were interested in reviewing individually. By soliciting and including ECS in the peer-review process, the scientific community would not only reduce the burden carried by more established scientists, but permit their successors to develop important professional skills relevant to advancing climate science and influencing policy.

Mathieu Casado et al.
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Status: open (until 05 Dec 2019)
Status: open (until 05 Dec 2019)
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Mathieu Casado et al.
Mathieu Casado et al.
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Short summary
Early Career Scientists (ECS) are rarely invited to act as peer-reviewers. Participating to a group peer-review of the IPCC Special Report on Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate, PhD students spent more time reviewing than more established scientists, and provided a similar proportion of substantive comments. By soliciting and including ECS in peer-review, the scientific community would reduce the burden imposed on more established scientists and may improve the quality of that process.
Early Career Scientists (ECS) are rarely invited to act as peer-reviewers. Participating to a...
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