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Geoscience Communication An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/gc-2019-14
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/gc-2019-14
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 10 Jul 2019

Submitted as: research article | 10 Jul 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Geoscience Communication (GC).

Assessing economic impacts of environmental research infrastructures: overview of methodological tools

Régis Kalaydjian Régis Kalaydjian
  • Ifremer, Issy-les-Moulineaux, 92130, France

Abstract. The data generated by environmental research infrastructures (ENV RIs) are key material to forecast the development conditions of environment sensitive activities: in a context marked by emerging risks from global warming, atmosphere and ocean monitoring is taking up critical importance for these industries.

The objective of this paper is to review the main tools used to assess the performance of ENV RIs via their economic impacts. Three impact categories are considered: (1) upstream impacts on equipment suppliers; (2) downstream impacts on observation and forecast performance; (3) feedback impacts on environment in terms of damage mitigation and risk avoidance. For each category, the main impact assessment methods are described against their application scope and limits.

An ocean-related case study serves as a practical example: Argo, a global in-situ ocean observing system, helps to gain a better grasp of the chain of primary and processed data flows for ocean monitoring and forecast, and of its functioning. It highlights the issues involved in assessing the different categories of impacts.

Régis Kalaydjian
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Status: open (until 11 Oct 2019)
Status: open (until 11 Oct 2019)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Régis Kalaydjian
Régis Kalaydjian
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Latest update: 22 Sep 2019
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Short summary
Environmental research infrastructures are key to forecast the growth conditions of environment sensitive activities. This paper summarizes a contribution in a European research project. Based on literature and a case study, it reviews the tools to assess the performance of infrastructures via their economic impacts. The paper shows that each impact category requires specific methods. In the future, more observation data will help improve the robustness and overall consistency of these methods.
Environmental research infrastructures are key to forecast the growth conditions of environment...
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